Ancient Greek heritage from six centuries BC has been uncovered by archaeologists exploring the ancient Hellenic colony of Apollonia Pontica in modern Bulgaria.
According to the Archeology in Bulgaria news site, the excavations unearthed the well-preserved remains of a dwelling as well as artifacts, including a special wine vessel showing the classical Greek myth of Oedipus and the Sphinx.
The finds were made during high-priority excavations near the Black Sea town of Sozopol, Bulgaria, inside the Old Town Archaeological Reserve on the Skamni Peninsula.
The finds were made six feet below the foundation of a 19th century house. The soil of the region has also rejected later artifacts, such as bone and bronze crosses from the 11th century.
The Skamni peninsula in Bulgaria is thought to have been continuously inhabited since ancient Greece.
The city was founded in the 7th century BC by ancient Greek settlers from Miletus as Antheia. Her name was later changed to Apollonia because of its temple dedicated to Apollo housing a huge statue of the god.
The settlement was finally sacked by the Romans in 72 BC. who took the statue of Apollo to Rome and placed it in the Capitol.
These latest discoveries also come on the heels of other Hellenic discoveries in the region. In 2016, experts discovered the remains of an ancient temple dedicated to the Greek goddesses Demeter and Persephone near Sozopol.
Ancient Greek kilns, Demeter figurines found at Black Sea site
Remnants of ancient Greek civilization can be found in the Black Sea region. Figurines of the ancient Greek goddess Demeter and her daughter, Persephone, have been unearthed at a construction site in the Black Sea resort of Anapa, Russia.
The terracotta statuettes, along with a relief, were discovered in early November 2020 by archaeologists from the Institute of Material Culture History of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In ancient times, the region surrounding Anapa, known as Sinda, served as an important seaport. The Pontic Greeks established a colony there called Gorgippia in the 6th century BC, and it became a major Black Sea power during the years of antiquity.
A number of kilns used for the production of pottery and ceramics, dating mainly from the 4th to the 2nd century BC, have also been discovered on the outskirts of the ancient city.
It was near the remains of one of the ovens that archaeologists discovered most of the priceless figurines of Greek goddesses.
In addition to a number of complete figurines of Persephone, the daughter of Demeter, archaeologists have found a one-sided bust figurine of Demeter herself and an array of tiles, bowls and pottery fragments at the site.
A dedicatory relief depicting an enthroned Cybele, an Anatolian mother goddess, flanked by Hermes and Hecate, the goddess of sorcery, was also discovered at the Anapa site.
Archaeologists from the Institute of Material Culture History of the Russian Academy of Sciences believe that the relief was displayed near a temple or an important public building.
Finds at Anapa, located on the northern Black Sea coast, highlight the deep influence of Greece in antiquity, as well as its persistence through time, as Anapa is still home to a vibrant community of Greeks today. pontics.